Acting Director: Er Yadvendra Pandey
Nodal Scientist: Dr Shantanu sarkar
Co-Nodal Scientists: Dr. D.P Kanunngo, Dr Ajay Chaurasia & Mr S.K. Singh
No. of Participating Scientists: 80
No. of Work Packages: 6
No. of Activities/Tasks: 29
Acting Director: Er Yadvendra Pandey
The safety of the built environment is of paramount importance from the point of view of natural disasters. It is essential to have built environment, which can resist different natural calamities effectively. Understanding the consequences of different natural disasters on built environment scientifically and developing technologies to circumvent the challenges to have safe built forms are the goals of the present proposal. Also, alongside safe built environment, developments in the field of sensor technologies have encouraged researchers to develop smart built environment as well.
Living with the risk of natural disasters is a part of everyday life in the Himalayas.The Himalayan region is frequently subjected to several natural disasters like earthquakes, landslides, avalanches, floods due to glacial lake outburst, flooding etc. Landslides, rock fall, avalanches in particular are posing serious problems in the mountainous areas, and the means of mitigation and/or corrective measures are scarce. Hence it is imperative to assess the hazard and risk along with modeling of landslide dynamics for efficient mitigation measures and development of early warning system. As the population of the country is getting agglomerated in the form of urban clusters and cities, the risk of economic and human loss due to seismic hazard is increasing every year. Still, prediction of earthquakes is far from the reach of researchers. People would still be living in regions of higher earthquake risk, leaving the task of ensuring their safety to engineers and earth scientists. Development of seismic micro-zones and design of safe built forms against earthquake are essential tasks for earthquake disaster mitigation. Although a fire disaster may not necessarily reach to catastrophic proportions all the time, it will present some of the characteristic aspects of a disaster because of destructive action of fire and of considerable losses of life and property. A fire of large proportions can cause damage to the built environment due to massive production of heat and the emanation of burn gases and fumes.
Building, a complex structural system, comprising of different materials, is often subjected to harsh loading scenarios and severe environmental conditions, generally not anticipated during the design stage, resulting in long-term structural deterioration. Therefore, monitoring of health of building is essential from safety, durability, serviceability, and sustainability point of view during its long-term service. The wireless sensor network (WSN) system offers an automated method for tracing the health of a structure by combining damage detection algorithms.Continuous structural health monitoring using WSN is important because it can greatly reduce routine maintenance and inspection costs, while providing an increased level of safety by alerting engineers to potential structural problems before failure. Scope of research on Intelligent Buildings includes integration and optimization of the building structures, systems, services and management in order to create a productive, cost effective and environmentally approved building. Instrumentation plays an important role in the modern building architecture to evolve green buildings by effectively utilizing the resources which are energy efficient and environmental friendly with smart control features by incorporating safety and security measures. Compared to traditional buildings, Intelligent Buildings should be able to react according to individual and environmental requirement. In the light of the issues discussed, CSIR-CBRI is poised to undertake the assignment related to disaster mitigation, health monitoring of buildings and intelligent buildings by utilising the strengths of different sister laboratories of CSIR in network mode so that individual expertise of laboratories can be utilised in holistic manner.